Introduction to the web page

This website presents an archive of digital images of paintings by the artists referred to in the book La pintura del siglo XIX [Nineteenth-Century Painting], which is described in detail elsewhere on this website. Although the site also functions independently, it complements and provides readers with a greater understanding of the paintings executed by the artists analysed in this book.

As stated above, this website may nonetheless be explored independently, freely and totally without charge and does not need to be used in conjunction with the book.

In addition to the title, the header of the website includes a directory of additional options related to its periodic updating with input from users of the website and/or readers of the book, with a view to broadening and improving the scope of the information the site offers.

As contributions, corrections, suggestions and other input are received – and checked and validated – new options will be incorporated to ensure that the site offers users the best possible contents.

Contents of the site

The tabs on the header lead to a directory of additional options related to updating the website through contributions, modifications, corrections of inaccuracies/errata and other input from users/readers in order to improve the content offered at any time.

The possible areas of action are the following:


Shows the present text describing the website.


Leads to the main page, which offers the following options:

1. Indexes, alphabetical, and by country and number assigned to the artists featured.
2. How to use it

2.1 By artist (name or ID number in the book).
2.2 By comparing images: of works by two different painters or of two works by the same painter.

3. View images (formats)

3.1 Actual size
3.2 Full screen

Click on an image to switch from one format to the other.

4. Information about the images
Click on the square with the [i] sign to access the following information about the image, which will be displayed in a window located near the lower left edge of the screen:

4.1 Name of the painter of the work, as it appears in the book

4.2 Title of the work

4.3 Year of the work’s creation or completion

4.4 Technical medium in which it was created

4.5 Place where the work is exhibited.

If some of these points do not appear, it is because the information is not known. An exception is technical medium, where lack of information is usually due to an oil painting being executed in any type of medium (canvas, wood, paper, etc.) or in an unknown medium.
Clicking on the information window causes the information and the window to disappear.

5. Timed viewing of the images
In both actual size and full-screen modes, it is also possible to navigate via arrows or mouse movements. Click on the clock symbol to control the automatic slideshow, setting the interval between images (in seconds) in the window that opens for this purpose. Press the “Esc” key to return to fixed-image mode.

6. Enlarged/reduced view (zoom in/out)
When you click on the magnifying glass sign, a magnifying glass will appear over the picture. Hovering the mouse over the picture will show you the image in a higher resolution. Press the button again to disable it. The color shows if it's enabled.

7. Comparative view of two images
Visual comparison of two images by different artists (option 1) or two images by the same artist (option 2) can be made by clicking on the relevant window.
When you click on the superimpose tab, one of the two images is placed on top of the other; click again to make the images swap positions. This option, which can be performed once or as many times as wished, allows you to observe in detail and with great ease slight or very slight differences that are difficult to appreciate when the images are viewed side by side.
Press “Esc” to return to the previous screen Click on the home tab on the header at any time to return to the main page.

About the author and the book

The book related to this website is:
"La Pintura del siglo XIX" (2 volúmenes), Madrid, 2017
Author: Julio Martínez Calzón
Prologue: Francisco Calvo Serraller
Publisher: Villaverde Editores. Madrid
To buy online:

Julio Martínez Calzón (1938, Valencia) holds a doctorate in Civil Engineering (1962), a field in which he has worked on many bridges and landmark buildings, especially composite structures in steel and concrete. He pioneered and introduced this type of construction to Spain through publications started up in 1966 during his initial period as a researcher at the Instituto Torroja in Madrid.

He has also carried out extensive studies in the fields of philosophy, innovation and art, taking part in congresses and symposia in these areas. In particular, his immersion in the field of nineteenth-century painting began in the 1970s. Following the advent of the Internet to the world of culture, he started working on the current book in 2006, after the completing a retrospective survey of his experience an engineer in Puentes, Estructuras, Actitudes [Bridges, Structures, Attitudes], Turner, Madrid.

This twofold profession explains the systematic approach and the compendium-like nature of both the book and the archive of images included on this website.


The email address provides access to a series of possible subjects on which to contact the author of the book and the team responsible for updating the website. Users are asked to give input on the aspects listed below, as well as on any other special circumstances that are not mentioned:

– Problems, mistakes, defects, and inadequacies encountered;
– Comments on improvements, and the inclusion or removal of works;
– Suggestions of any kind on how to improve the functioning of the website;
– Suggestions of works not included on the website, or alternatives that are of better quality, resolution or size than existing ones, provided they are in line with the general conditions proposed for this tool for use and research.

last modification 12/01/2017